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IL TERRORISMO USTASCIA
NEL CORSO DELLA GUERRA FREDDA
FINO ALLA "GUERRA PATRIOTTICA" CROATA


Sulla storia del movimento razzista-indipendentista croato
si veda alla nostra pagina dedicata




Indice dei contenuti della pagina:

Il terrorismo ustascia in Italia
dal dossier: "1972: ricordi della strategia della tensione", Trieste 2003.
A proposito della presenza di ustascia croati nella banda Giuliano si veda il testo di Casarrubea e Cereghino

Chi aiuta gli ustascia?
di Augusto Livi, da "Paese Sera", 5 luglio 1972

Attentati antijugoslavi in Australia 1961-1988
da "NIN", Belgrado, n.1982 del 25/12/1988
    Hronologija napada u Avstraliji, 1961-1988

A COLLECTION OF WESTERN MEDIA ARTICLES ON CROATIAN TERRORISM DURING THE 1970s

2008: Il terrorista croato Zvonko Busic libero e festeggiato dopo 30 anni di detenzione negli USA / Croat terrorist back to Croatia after serving 30 years in US

2011: Nazi memorial in Croatia - A disgrace to Europe (28 dicembre 2011: ancora in Croazia, paese accolto senza condizioni nella Unione Europea, Pavelić viene commemorato con manifestazioni di massa!)

2016: Commemorazione neo-ustascia, con apposizione di una targa, a Jasenovac!


Vedi anche:

Le dichiarazioni filo-ustascia di Stipe Mesić

Santo subito?
Santo subito
Il criminale di guerra Ante Gotovina in udienza da Wojtyla


Oni su ustaše? Pa odnosimo se onda prema njima kako zaslužuju! (Mijo Vinceković, Kontra Portal, 6. prosinca 2016.)
A ako se tko ponaša kao ustaša, odijeva se kao ustaša, govori kao ustaša, pozdravlja kao ustaša, slavi 10. travnja, mrzi Srbe i pjeva ustaške budnice i poskočnice, onda je on bez svake sumnje ustaša. Zašto bi itko želio biti ustaša, je već drugo pitanje, jednako onome ima li itko pametan, a da želi biti ustaša?...

<< ... E se uno si comporta da ustascia, vestito come ustascia, parla come un ustascia, saluta come gli ustascia, celebra il 10 aprile, odia i serbi e canta inni e slogan ustascia, allora č senza dubbio un ustascia... >> Questo direbbe la logica, osserva Mijo Vinceković; eppure nella Croazia attuale i comportamenti ustascia sono ammessi, ed a sua volta la Croazia – neo-Stato fondato sulla pulizia etnica di mezzo milione di cittadini di etnia serba – č stata ammessa nella Unione Europea che la vezzeggia e la coccola.

Igor Premužić:
Dvostruka mjerila za terorizam (H-alter, 22.05.2015. – i na JUGOINFO-u)
Zašto danas svi pod tepih guraju terorističko djelovanje proustaške emigracije? Upravo ona imala je snažne terorističke ćelije, koje su imale za cilj gerilskom borbom vratiti NDH, ostvariti neovisnu kapitalističku i "demokratsku" Hrvatsku. Ustaše, koje s demokracijom nisu imali nikakve veze, osnovali Hrvatski narodni otpor, Hrvatski oslobodilački pokret, Hrvatsko revolucionarno bratstvo i slične organizacije koje su u svojem programu imale oružanu ili mirnu obnovu NDH, a sve su veličale ustaški zločinački režim i kvislinšku NDH...

Igor Premužić: CROATIE : NÉO-OUSTACHIS VS. SERVICES YOUGOSLAVES, UNE GUERRE DE L’OMBRE OUBLIÉE
(H-Alter | Traduit par Chloé Billon | mercredi 3 juin 2015) ... Du temps de la Yougoslavie socialiste, la diaspora nationaliste croate a multiplié les attentats, menant une véritable guerre de l’ombre contre l’UDBa, les services secrets yougoslaves. Un pan d’histoire que l’on regarde encore trop souvent avec des lunettes partisanes...

Pino Adriano, Giorgio Cingolani:
LA VIA DEI CONVENTI. ANTE PAVELIĆ E IL TERRORISMO USTASCIA DAL FASCISMO ALLA GUERRA FREDDA

Le reti del terrorismo neofascista ancora operative: Gli uomini neri. La Bolivia-Croazia-Italia connection (Contropiano 2009)

Neonazisti di tutto il mondo volontari per la "indipendenza" croata

Argentina: vecchi camerati arruolano mercenari per la Croazia (Gary Weber, WoZ 1993)

Documentazione su RATLINES ed ODESSA

en castillano:
Ataques de los terroristas ustasha a los ciudadanos de RSF de Yugoslavia entre 1962 y 1983. 
Descripción: El país de los eslavos del sur siempre estuvo en punto de mira de muchos enemigos. El autor noruego Jahn Otto Johansen hizo esta recopilación en su libro “Ustasja” (1984.) (tamańo 28 Kb)
Agregado el: 11-Nov-2005. SOURCE: www.semanarioserbio.com
PDF - MIRROR sul nuestro sito



Il terrorismo ustascia in Italia

I brani seguenti sono estratti dal dossier:
"1972: ricordi della strategia della tensione"
di Claudia Cernigoi, edito a cura della redazione de "La Nuova Alabarda", Trieste 2003

vedi anche: MATCH INZERILLI VERSUS SPETIC A TRIESTE (anche su JUGOINFO, dicembre 2010)


il testo integrale su: http://www.NuovaAlabarda.tk/


(...) < In riferimento al deposito di esplosivi ad Aurisina, si
innestano le notizie che danno per certo un incontro avvenuto il 25
gennaio di quest’anno [1972] in Germania, fra un esponente del MSI di
Trieste ispiratore di un’agenzia di stampa che si occupa di politica
estera, e rappresentanti dei fascisti jugoslavi, gli ustascia, autori
di alcuni attentati dinamitardi. A proposito di rapporti tra Trieste e
ustascia, un quotidiano nazionale riporta la notizia che nel 1969 un
triestino del gruppo di Avanguardia nazionale, Claudio Scarpa, prese
parte a un campo di addestramento in Baviera, organizzato dagli
ustascia. Oltre ad Aurisina il nucleo investigativo dei carabinieri ha
giŕ avuto a che fare tempo fa con consistenti quantitativi di armi o
esplosivi. Lo scorso anno (9/3/71, n.d.r.) aveva destato sensazione il
blocco nel porto di Trieste di una nave panamense, la Caravelle prima,
a bordo della quale erano state sequestrate ingenti quantitŕ di armi
(...) dello stesso tipo di quelle di Aurisina e la provenienza sembra
fosse greca. > [1]

(...) Sullo stesso argomento [di una visita del commissario Calabresi a
Trieste nell'ambito dell'indagine sulla strana morte di Feltrinelli] il
“Piccolo” č ritornato molti anni dopo, il giorno precedente la ripresa
del processo Sofri a Mestre [2]. < Due giorni prima di venire ucciso il
commissario sarebbe giunto a Trieste forse perché stava indagando su un
traffico d’armi provenienti dal circolo neonazista di Monaco e dirette,
via Trieste a fascisti italiani e ustascia jugoslavi. “Alla metŕ di
maggio Calabresi fu prelevato da casa sua e condotto a Trieste. Insieme
a lui il questore Guida (all’epoca ispettore generale al ministero
dell’interno n.d.r.) e l’onorevole Caron della DC. A Trieste
conferirono con il conte Loredan, noto fascista. Due giorni dopo venne
ucciso”. Č quanto sostiene un informatore di allora dei nostri servizi
segreti, nome in codice “Dario”. L’informatore rileva che su quel
traffico aveva indagato anche Giangiacomo Feltrinelli e aggiunge:
“Calabresi lo sapeva e quindi conosceva i reali motivi della sua
morte”. >

(...) < Qualche ipotetica ragione per spiegare la scelta di Gorizia
come luogo per una strage [di Peteano] esiste (...) da queste parti c’č
abbondanza di personale particolarmente addestrato al terrorismo
politico. Sono gli ustascia e non a caso, forse, subito dopo il crimine
le autoritŕ jugoslave hanno offerto la loro collaborazione. Calabresi
qualche giorno prima di essere ucciso č venuto a Trieste [3]. Gorizia č
storicamente un centro di incontro e di smistamento degli ustascia,
gente che sa maneggiare l’esplosivo, che ha i suoi depositi (come
quello di Aurisina decina di chili di T4 col timbro NATO) e molte
amicizie (...) anche tra le alleanze interne all’organizzazione
clandestina di sicurezza NATO (cioč la Gladio, n.d.r.?) gli amici sono
i camerati di ON e di AN, qualche rappresentante del SID e Divisione
affari riservati (ora SIGSI). A Udine gli ordinovisti sono Carlo
Cicuttini (originario delle valli del Natisone dove si parla un
dialetto che presenta lo stesso accento del telefonista di Peteano),
Ivano Boccaccio, Vincenzo e Gaetano Vinciguerra. >  [4]


1) “Il Meridiano di Trieste”, 20/4/72.
2) Articolo di Silvio Maranzana nel “Piccolo” del 25/10/1999.
3) “Una lunga serie di attentati danno un marchio particolare al 1972,
l’anno che in cui Tito, deciso a stroncare finalmente un movimento
separatista che fa capo ai vertici stessi del partito in Croazia (...)
dopo un braccio di ferro durato parecchi mesi il 26/4/72 nell’assemblea
generale dei comunisti della Croazia i leaders scissionisti vengono
sconfitti” (G. Flamini, “Il partito del golpe”, Bovolenta 1983).
4) G. P. Testa, “La strage di Peteano”, Einaudi 1976.



D'altronde, la alleanza tra nazionalisti-indipendentisti croati
e fascisti italiani ha una lunga storia...



Chi aiuta gli ustascia?

di Augusto Livi, da "Paese Sera", 5 luglio 1972


varie_storia/PaeseSera050772.jpeg



Attentati antijugoslavi in Australia, 1961-1988

"NIN", Belgrado, n.1982 del 25/12/1988



CRONOLOGIA DEGLI ATTACCHI

In base a dati del Ministero federale dell'Informazione,
tra il 1945 ed il settembre 1985 gli elementi ostili
della immigrazione hanno compiuto in tutto 657 azioni
terroristiche antijugoslave, nelle quali sono state
uccise 82 persone (e tre stranieri) e ferite 186 persone
(due stranieri). Sul territorio della Jugoslavia, nel
periodo postbellico sono stati realizzati 40 atti di
terrorismo, altri 60 sono falliti. Trenta persone hanno
perso la vita, 73 sono state ferite. Tra il 1945 ed il
1988, sul territorio australiano gli estremisti
(appartenenti a due organizzazioni di ustascia estremamente
aggressive, la "Fratellanza rivoluzionaria croata" -HRB-
e la "Resistenza popolare croata" -HNO-) hanno compiuto 33
azioni violente contro ogni genere di obiettivi jugoslavi,
3 nella sola Jugoslavia.
Dalla cronologia di questi attacchi si vede perfettamente
cosa fanno gli emigrati croati ed in quali periodi hanno
avuto piu' o meno mano libera per il loro terrore.

* All'inizio del 1961 una bomba viene lanciata contro
la nostra rappresentanza diplomatica a Sidney, ove causa
ingenti danni materiali;
* Il 6 luglio del 1963 si introduce dalla Australia in
Jugoslavia un gruppo di 9 terroristi della HRB (Drazen
Tapasnji, Miro Fumic, Stanko Zdrilic, Kresimir Perkovic,
Vlado Leko, Rade Stajic, Branko Podrug, Ilija Tolic e
Josip Oblak) che circa 15 giorni dopo tenta di piazzare
un ordigno sulla ferrovia Fiume-Zagabria, ma vengono arrestati
e condannati dai 7 ai 14 anni di galera;
* Il 29 novembre 1967 nel Consolato generale a Melbourne
viene lasciato un ordigno a forma di penna stilografica
che esplode e ferisce una persona;
* Il 29 dicembre 1967 viene collocato un ordigno nel nostro
Consolato a Sidney da Mate Kovacic, ma in quella occasione
egli viene arrestato;
* 8 giugno 1968: di nuovo una bomba viene piazzata davanti
al Consolato generale a Sidney, ma i suoi "proprietari"
non vengono identificati;
* L'otto giugno 1969 una bomba a tempo esplode dinanzi
all'edificio dell'Ambasciata della RFSJ a Canberra;
* Il primo gennaio 1970 salta in aria il club degli
emigranti "Jugal", a Sidney;
* Il 21 ottobre 1970, davanti al Consolato a Melbourne,
esplode una bomba che provoca danni ingenti;
* Il 30 dicembre 1970 estremisti ustascia feriscono
due cittadini di origine jugoslava nella citta' di Talbiks;
* Il 23 novembre 1971 un'azione teroristica viene compiuta
contro l'agenzia "Adriatik" a Sidney. La bomba terroristica
di Andjelko Maric ferisce 16 persone;
* Il 29 novembre 1971 durante la proiezione di un film jugoslavo
a Camberra esplode nel cinema "Hub" una bomba, ma fortunatamente
nessuno č ferito;
* Il 14 febbraio 1972 spari contro l'edificio del Consolato
generale a Perth;
* Tra il 6 e il 7 aprile 1972, a Melbourne, prima viene posto un
ordigno a tempo allo stand jugoslavo della Mostra dell'artigianato,
e poi esplode una bomba davanti all'appartamento del Presidente
del Comitato per la tutela dei cittadini di origine jugoslava;
* Il 20 giugno del 1972 un gruppo di 19 terroristi, guidati dai
fratelli Ambroz e Adolf Andric, si introduce nella RSFJ con
l'intenzione di "suscitare una sommossa". Il gruppo viene
liquidato, 4 estremisti sono condannati a morte, mentre il
quinto, Ludvig Pavlovic, a causa della minore etŕ, č graziato
dalla Presidenza della RSFJ;
* 16 settembre 1972: nel negozio di un nostro emigrante
esplode una bomba che ferisce 18 persone e provoca danni
alla vicina agenzia "Adriatik";
* l'8 dicembre 1972 a Brisbane esplode una bomba davanti
alla chiesa ortodossa, che uccide un cittadino USA;
* All'inizio del 1973 a Melbourne č stato assassinato
Mehmed Bektes [nome musulmano, Ndt.] per essersi rifiutato
di collaborare con gli ustascia;
* Il 25 maggio 1975 di nuovo esplode una bomba nell'agenzia
"Adriatik" di Melbourne;
* Nell'agosto del 1975 sono introdotti in Jugoslavia Vinko
Barusic e la cittadina tedesca Barbara Placeta, con 17 ordigni
esplosivi allo scopo di minare obiettivi lungo la costa adriatica;
arrestati, sono condannati a 20, cioč a 11 anni di prigione.
* Il 31 maggio 1976 a Melbourne vengono demolite le porte e
i mobili dell'agenzia "Adriatik";
* Il 3 luglio 1977 Josip Stipic, membro del HNO, lancia una
bomba lacrimogena nella sala durante un concerto di cantanti
jugoslavi a Sidney;
* 3 dicembre 1977, esplode una bomba davanti l'agenzia aerea
JAT a Melbourne;
* Il 18 febbraio 1978 a Sidney viene compiuto un attacco alla
redazione del giornale per gli emigranti "Nase novine"
(Le nostre notizie);
* Il 17 giugno 1978 a Sidney viene danneggiato da una bomba
l'edificio del Consolato;
* 2 settembre 1978: la polizia australiana arresta un
gruppo di 7 terroristi che stavano preparando azioni ed una
incursione nel territorio della RSFJ (Ante Misevic,
Karoman Kovac, Andrija Lemic, Milan Franjic, Nikola Bikes,
Ante Saric e Jure Maric del HRB);
* 14 novembre 1978: tre estremisti - Marija Zetina, Jasna
Percic e Kreso Kristic - distruggono una postazione della
polizia. Sono condannati al risarcimento dei danni;
* L'8 febbraio 1979, a Sidney sono arrestati 7 emigranti
con armi, veleni ed esplosivo, che cercavano di usare
negli attacchi contro le sedi dei club degli emigrati,
contro l'agenzia della "Generalturist", e contro sale
di concerti dove si esibivano gruppi di nostri cantanti.
Sono stati arrestati e condannati a 15 anni di prigione
Mile Nekic, Josip Kokotovic, Anto Zairovic, Josip
Stipic, Vrco Birkuz e Marko Bebic;
* Il 19 ottobre 1979, in Jugoslavia č arrivato
un estremista col compito di effettuare diversi
atti terroristici, ma si č arreso da solo alla polizia;
* Il 21 novembre 1980, davanti la casa del giudice
Maxwell a Sidney, vengono sparati in aria colpi di arma
da fuoco per intimorirlo prima del processo ai 7
terroristi ustascia;
* 13. Novembre 1982: a Camberra vengono demolite le
porte d'ingresso dell'ufficio del Segretario dell'Ambasciata
della RSFJ;
* Il 29 dicembre 1986 esplode una bomba davanti l'Ambasciata
jugoslava a Melbourne;
* 7 luglio 1988: viene gettata una molotov contro il Centro
jugoslavo ad Adelaide;
* Il 27 novembre l988 manifestazioni e attacco al Consolato
generale a Sidney con l'obiettivo di togliere la bandiera
jugoslava e bruciarla;
* Il 27 novembre l988 a Melbourne i separatisti ustascia
e albanesi assaltano i nostri centri e
* l'8 dicembre 1988 viene aggredito il presidente del
Centro jugoslavo ad Adelaide e gli viene bruciata l'automobile.

Traduzione a cura della redazione di "Voce Jugoslava"
su Radio Citta' Aperta, Roma



"NIN" br. 1982 od 25.12.1988.

HRONOLOGIJA NAPADA

Prema podacima SSINF-a, u inostranstvu je od 1945.
godine do septembra 1985. neprijateljska emigracija
izvela ukupno 657 antijugoslovenskih teroristickih
akcija u kojima je poginulo 82 lica (i 3 stranca),
a povredjeno 186 osoba (dva stranca). Na tlu Jugoslavije
je u posleratnom periodu izvedeno 40 teoristickih
akcija, a 60 u pokusaju. Zivot je izgubilo 30 lica,
a povredjeno je 73. Na tlu Australije (dve najagresivnije
ustaske organizacije "Hrvatsko revolucionarno bratstvo"
i "Hrvatski narodni otpor") od l945 do 1988 ekstremisti
su izveli 33 nasilnicke akcije prema svemu sto je
jugoslavensko i 3 u samoj Jugoslaviji.
Iz hronologije tih napada ponajbolje se vidi sta sve
hrvatski emigranti rade i u kojim periodoma su imali
vise-manje odresene ruke za svoj teror.

* Pocetkom 1961. bacena je bomba na nase diplomatsko
predstavnistvo u Sidneju i nacinjena velika materijalna steta;
* 6 jula l963. godine u Jugoslaviji je iz Australije
ubacena grupa od 9 terorista HRB (Drazen Tapasnji, Miro
Fumic, Stanko Zdrilic, Kresimir Perkovic, Vlado Leko,
Rade Stajic, Branko Podrug, Ilija Tolic i Josip Oblak)
koji su petnaestak dana kasnije pokusali da podmetnu minu
na pruzi Rijeka - Zagreb, ali su uhvaceni i osudjeni od 7
do 14 godina robije;
* 29. Novembra 1967. u Generalnom konzulatu u Melburnu
ostavljena je mina u obliku naliv-pera koja je
eksplodirala i ranila jedno lice;
* 29. decembra 1967. eksplozivnu napravu u nasem Konzulatu
u Sidneju podmetnuo je Mate Kovacic, ali je tom prilikom
uhapsen;
* 8. juna l968. Opet je postavljena mina ispred Generalnog
konzulata u Sidneju, ali njeni vlasnici nisu identifikovani;
* 8. juna 1969. eksplodirala je tempirana bomba ispred zgrade
Ambasade SFRJ u Kamberi;
* 1. januara l970. detoniran je klub iseljenika "Jugal" u
Sidneju;
* 21. oktobra 1970. ispred Konzulata u Melburnu eksplodirala
je mina i nacinjena veca materijalna steta;
* 30. decembra 1970. ustaski ekstremisti ranili su dva
gradjanina jugoslovesnkog porekla u gradu Talbiks;
* 23. novembra 1971., izvrsena je diverzija na agenciju
"Adrijatik" u Sidneju. Bomba teroriste Andjelka Marica
ranila je 16 lica zbog cega je osudjen;
* 29. novembra 1971., za vreme prikazivanja jednog
jugoslovenskog filma u Kamberi eksplodirala je mina u
bioskopu "Hub", ali srecom niko nje povredjen;
* 14. februara 1972., pucano je na zgradu Generalnog konzulata
u Pertu;
* 6.- 7. aprila 1972., u Melburnu, prvo je postavljena
paklena masina na jugoslovenskom standu Izlozbe domace
radinosti, a zatim je eksplodirala bomba ispred stana
predsednika Komiteta za zastitu gradjana jugoslovenskog
porekla;
* 20. juna 1972., grupa od 19 terorista upala je u SFRJ sa
namerom da "digne ustanak", predvodili su ih braca Ambrozije
i Adolf Andric. Grupa je likvidirana, cetvorica ekstremista
su osudjeni na smrt streljanjem, a peti - Ludvig Pavlovic
je zbog mladosti pomilovan od strane Predsednistva SFRJ. U
akciji likvidiranja ustasa poginulo je 13 Jugoslovena;
* 16. septembra 1972., u sidneskoj radnji naseg iseljenika
eksplodirala je mina i ranila 18 osoba i nanela stetu
obliznjoj agenciji "Adriatik";
* 8. decembra 1972., u Brizbejnu eksplodirala je bomba
ispred pravoslavne crkve koja je usmrtila jednog gradjanina
SAD;
* pocetkom 1973., u Melburnu je ubijen Mehmed Bektes
zato sto nije htio da suradjuje sa ustasama;
* 25. maja 1975., opet je eksplodirala mina u melburnskoj
agenciji "Adriatik";
* augusta l975., u Jugoslaviju su ubaceni Vinko Barusic
i nemica Barbara Placeta sa sedamnaest diverzantskih
naprava i namerom da miniraju objekte na Jadranskom moru.
Uhapseni su i osudjeni na 20 t.j. 11 godina zatvora;
* 31. maja 1976., u Melburnu su demolirana vrata i
namestaj u agenciji "Adriatik";
* 3. jula 1977., clan HNO Josip Stipic bacio je dimnu
bombu u sali za vreme koncerta jugoslovenskih estradnih
umetnika u Sidneju;
* 3. decembra 1977., eksplodirala je mina ispred poslovnice
JAT-a u Melburnu;
* 18. februara 1978., izvrsen je u Sidneju napad na
redakciju lista iseljenika "Nase novine";
* 17. juna 1978., u Sidneju je minom ostecena zgrada Konzulata;
* 2. septembra 1978., australijska policija je uhapsila
grupu od sedam terorista koji su pripremali diverzantske
akcije i upad u SFRJ (Ante Misevic, Karoman Kovac, Andrija
Lemic, Milan Franjic, Nikola Bikes, Ante Saric i Jure
Maric iz HRB);
* 14. novembra 1978., troje ekstremista (Marija Zetina,
Jasna Percic i Kreso Kristic) demontirali su jedan policijski
objekt i kaznjeni novcano;
* 8. februara 1979., u Sidneju je uhapseno sedam
emigranata sa oruzjem, otrovom i eksplozivom koji
su nameravali da koriste prilikom napada na iseljenicke
klubove, poslovnicu "Generalturista" i koncertne hale
u kojima je nastupala grupa nasih pevaca. Uhapseni su
i osudjeni na 15 godina zatvora Mile Nekic, Josip
Kokotovic, Anton Zairovic, Josip Stipic, Vrco Birkuz
i Marko Bebic;
* 19. oktobra l979., u Jugoslaviju je doputovao jedan
ekstremista sa zadatkom da izvede niz teroristickih
akcija, ali se sam predao miliciji;
* 21. novembra 1980., ispred kuce sudije Maksvela
u Sidneju pucano u vazduh da bi se zaplasio pred
sudjenje sedmorici ustaskih terorista;
* 13. Novembra 1982., u Kamberi su demolirana
ulazna vrata na kancelariji sekretara ambasade SFRJ;
* 29. decembra 1986., eksplodirala je bomba ispred
privrednog predstavnistva Jugoslavije u Melburnu;
* 7. jula 1988. bacen je "molotov koktel" na
Jugoslovenski centar u Aldelaidu;
* 27. novembra 1988. izvedene su demonstracije i
napad na Generalni konzulat u Sidneju sa ciljem da
se skine i zapali jugoslovenska trobojka;
* 27. novembra 1988. u Melburnu su ustaski i albanski
separatisti napali nase klubove i
* 8. decembra 1988. napadnut je predsednik Jugoslovenskog
centra u Adelaidu i zapaljen mu je automobil.



A COLLECTION OF WESTERN MEDIA ARTICLES
ON CROATIAN TERRORISM DURING THE 1970s

Throughout the 1970s and early 1980s Croatian terrorists carried out a series attacks throughout Yugoslavia, the United States, and Western Europe. The terrorist attacks, which were aimed at obtaining Croatia’s secession from Yugoslavia, killed a number of American, European, and Yugoslav civilians.

The following is a collection of articles from major US media outlets such as the Associated Press, New York Times, and Washington Post. These contemporaneous articles deal with the topic of Croatian terrorism. 
Today these articles can be used to refute the thesis that Croatia seceded from Yugoslavia because Milosevic made life unbearable for Croatia within Yugoslavia. These articles prove that violent Croatian secessionism existed while Tito was in power. The war in Croatia during the 1990s was merely the continuation of a pre-existing Croatian program to achieve secession through violence. 


Source: www.slobodan-milosevic.org – February 28, 2006


Copyright 1979 Associated Press
All Rights Reserved

The Associated Press


December 28, 1979, Friday, AM cycle


SECTION: Domestic News

LENGTH: 259 words

HEADLINE: U.S. Seeks To Extradite Terrorist To Sweden

DATELINE: NEW YORK

BODY:
Federal officials began proceedings Friday to extradite a Croatian terrorist to Sweden, where he was freed from prison in 1972 at the demand of airline hijackers.

An extradition warrant was filed in Manhattan against Miro Baresic, 29, who is being held by immigration authorities pending further proceedings on Sweden's request for his return.

Baresic, who had been living in Paraguay, was turned over to American officials in Asuncion last July for prosecution on charges of fraudulently applying for a U.S. entry visa.

Late Thursday, a jury in U.S. District Court acquitted Baresic of the visa charges. However, he was immediately detained by immigration authorities pending extradition proceedings.

The Croatian nationalist had been serving a life prison sentence in Sweden after he was convicted in 1971 by a Stockholm Court of murdering Vladimir Rodovich, a Yugoslav ambassador to Sweden.

After hijackers of a Scandinavian Airlines System jetliner demanded and obtained his release, Baresic and another freed Croatian prisoner went to Paraguay and became citizens.

Baresic, using the name Toni Saric, became a lieutenant in the Paraguayan army. Federal officials said he later worked for Paraguay's diplomatic service and in 1977 and 1978 served as a bodyguard and interpreter for Mario Lopez-Escobar, Paraguayan ambassador to Washington.

The American charges against Baresic stemmed from his 1977 application in Paraguay for a U.S. entry visa. He was accused of using a false name and of filing false statements to obtain the visa.

 

 

Copyright 1977 U.S. News & World Report
U.S. News & World Report


View Related Topics


January 31, 1977


SECTION: Pg. 37

LENGTH: 2090 words

HEADLINE: HOW UNHAPPY MINORITIES UPSET EUROPE'S CALM

HIGHLIGHT:
From Britain to the Balkans, minority groups that long have crusaded for a better deal are becoming more and more militant. Some are secessionist-minded; their goal is independence. Others want autonomy - with special economic, political, even religious rights. Some, like Britain's 1.5 million blacks and Asians, simply seek an end to job discrimination, police brutality, substandard housing. Not at minority groups are up in arms aginst the majorities in their countries.That goes for the 30,000 Lapps in Northern Finland, Sweden and Norway; 300,000 people of Swedist atraction - 6.5 per cent of the population - in Finland; 30,000 Germans in Southern Denmark. Other countries have similar minorities, some more resentful than others of their cultural or language status. In the Netherlands, for example, the influx of refugees from South Molucca, in what is now Indonesia, and Surinam, a former Dutch colony in South America, has created tensions which are beginning to test traditional Dutch tolerance and patience. A survey by U.S. News & World Report bureaus turns the spotlight on grievances that Americans rarely read about until they erupt in civil war as in Northern Ireland, or guerrilla attacks, as in Spain.

BODY:

BRITAIN: Breakup Ahead

TALK OF BREAKUP no longer is a laughing matter for the 56 million people living in the United Kingdom. Independence for Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales is not just around the corner, but nationalism in those areas is a political reality that must be dealt with.

Northern Ireland is still ruled from London, and British troops still try to keep warring Catholics and Protestants apart. But underneath the surface, in a country that is two-thirds Protestant and one-third Catholic, a fundamental change is taking place.

Traditionally, Protestants cling to the tie with London. The Catholics just as strongly favor annexation by Eire.

Now, there is a growing feeling among both groups that the ultimate answer to the bloodletting that has been going on for almost a decade may be an independent Ulster. The attraction springs partly from sheer weariness with years of bloodshed - 1,700 dead in seven years and average of one murder a day during 1976 - and partly from a feeling that London lacks the means and will to keep up its involvement. It seems probable to many in Ulster that the 14,000 British troops will soon leave.

Would independence bring peace to Ulster? Many people doubt it, believing the result would be a bloodier war.

Restive Scots. Scotland is much less volatile, but the emotions of nationalism are stirring. There, the Scottish National Party attacks England as a "colonial power" and demands independence for the 5.2 million Scots.

Scotland last had a Parliament of its own in 1707, when it was agreed the two nationsl would merge, with Scotland being given recognition in Westminister, the seat of Government.The British Government has just introduced a bill that would give Scotland, and Wales, too, separate assemblies with lawmaking and spending power in such fields as education and welfare. But there is less than satisfying to the militants, who demand complete separation.

A powerful spur to the independence movement is the discovery of North Sea oil in Scottish waters. As part of the United Kingdom, Scotland by the 1980s probably will be assured of oil revenues worth 700 million dollars annually. But if Scotland were independent, it would enjoy earnings of between 5 and 7 billion dollars a year.

While Scots wonder why they should remain tied to a financially sinking England, the debt-ridden London Government cannot afford to let them go, taking all that oil money with them.

The nationalists already have drawn up position papers on a Scotish foreign policy and formation of separate armed forces. Most Scots still balk at going that far, but the nationalists hope to gain majority backing before 1990. The Scottish National Party won over 30 per cent of Scottish votes in the British general election in October, 1974 - a huge jump from its meager 2.5 per cent in 1964.

Mood in Wales . Welsh nationalists are embarked on the same breakaway route as the Scots, but the nationalist party, Plaid Cymru, so far has managed to win only about 11 per cent of the voters among the 3 million Welsh. Yet the party chief, Gwynfor Evans, predicts the dissolution of the United Kingdom by 1995 and assures his followers: "No national movement in history ever failed after becoming as strong as we are today."

The Welsh are keen to revive their native language, which has been almost totally displaced by English.

They also brush aside London's statistics purporting to show that more money in proportion to population is being spent in Wales on health and education than in England. The Welsh insist that 400 years of rule from London has left them poorer.

They want their own parliament in Cardiff, with full power to shape the Welsh economy. London refuses to go that far, but is offering a smaller measure of self-rule.
YUGOSLAVIA: Tito's Night

FOR 84-YEAR-OLD PRESIDENT TITO and his Communist Government, the strong separatist movement among Yugoslavia's 4.4 million Croatians - one fifth of the total population - is the Trojan Horse inside Yugoslavia.

In neighboring Hungary are Russian troops that Tito and others fear can be used to support Croat demands for a state of their own or, more likely, use Croat separatism as an excuse for a Russian invasion to "save" Yugoslavia from disintegration.

Croat separatism is not an idle dream. Most of Yugoslavia's several thousand political prisoners are Croatians. Many are accused of having had contacts with Russian agents. Croatian exiles constantly agitate for a separate state. In September, 1976, Croatian terrorists succeeded in drawing worldwide attention to their demands by skyjacking a U.S. airliner flying from New York to Chicago, and forcing it to go to Paris, where the terrorists finally surrendered.

Most Croatians are Roman Catholics and, unlike the 8 million Serbs whose historic and religious ties are with Moscow, they look to the West, not the East.

Croatia is one of Yugoslavia's two most-advanced industrial areas. A majority of the 1 million Yugoslav migrant workers in Western Europe are Croats, and their remittances plus earnings from tourism on the Adriatic Coast help make Croatia more prosperous than other parts of the country.

Croatians argue that they could do even better if they had a nation of their own, instead taxed by Belgrade to subsidize Yugoslavia's less developed regions.


AUSTRIA: Border Friction

AUSTRIA WORRIES over its Slovenes, about 20,000 of them living mostly in Carinthia, close to the Yugoslav border.The fear is that the Slovenes, who take on German-speaking extremists in demonstrations and fights, might someday trip this country into a conflict with Belgrade, where the Slovenes have powerful friends.

The Austrian Slovenes complain about discrimination and Vienna's failure to live up to pledges to protect their language and culture. They have promises of support from Yugoslavia, where many fought with Tito's partisans against the Germans during World War II. After Hitler's defeat, Slovenes set about killing German-speaking Austrians who had collaborated with the Nazis.

Bitterness lingers on both sides. In mid-November, 1976, a monument to anti-Nazi Slovene fighters was blowun up by unidentified terrorists, and railroad tracks in Carinthia were bombed. Extremists pulled down road signs in Slovene and German that had been erected in villages with Slovene minorities.

Amid all the tension, the Austrian Government sought to take a census of Slovenes, explaining it would be a step to assure the minority of its cultural and language rights. But many Slovenes boycotted the census, saying they feared it would lead to reprisals by German-speaking neighbors.
SPAIN: Unity Endangerd

THE 750,000 BASQUES in Spain have chafed under Spanish rule for centuries. Their languages has nothing in common with Spanish, and they consider themselves a race and a nation distinct from Spain and its 34.7 million people.

The Basques are as much of a headache to King Juan Carlos as they were to Francisco France during the Generalissimo's four decades of absolute power.

Basque demands for self-rule, marked by massive strikes and violence, met with brutal repression under Franco. The Basques responded with more terrorism. Their militants claimed responsibility for assassinating Franco's Premier, Adm. Luis Carrero Blanco, in 1973, and for numerous political kidnappings and murders. In mid-December, 1976, leftist guerrillas with Basque links kidnapped Antonio Maria de Oriol y Urquijo, the fourth-ranking official in the Spanish Government and a right-wing Basque.

In 1975, citizens of Guernica, the Basque town that was destroyed by Hitler's Luftwaffe during the Spanish Civil War, celebrated Franco's death with champagne toasts.

Now the Basques are demanding that Madrid restore rights they held in centuries past - to tax, maintain law and order and administer justice, as well as to use their own language more freely and promote their own culture.

Bitter Catalans. Spain's other troublesome minority, the 5.1 million Catalans, also opposed Franco in the civil war. But they prefer peaceful demonstrations to terrorism.

Catalans live in the country's industrial heart - the Northeast region around Barcelona - and complain bitterly that Madrid derives 22 per cent of the nation's revenues from Catalonia and returns only 11 per cent.

In mid-January, the Government took steps to deal with some minority complaints. It announced that Basques now may freely display their own flag and gradually will be given the right to use the Basque language.

That may not be enough to heal all the old wounds. A Basque lawyer says: "We fought 40 years for freedom and we'll fight another 40 if we must."
FRANCE: Touch of Terror

MILITANT CORSICANS and Bretons seeking self-rule have caused some deaths and millions of dollars in property damage. They upset many of France's 53 million people.

A Corsican commando blew up an Air France airliner in September, 1976. Two months later extremists destroyed two French television vans.

The Corsican nationalists are only a small minority of the Mediterranean island's 220,000 people. Yet they want a separate republic, as Corsica was for a time before France acquired it in 1768.

Corsicans speak a language closer to Portuguese than to French. A further irritant. The islanders are poor, and they resent the presence of French settlers from Algeria who used Government grants in 1962 to buy land and plant vineyards. The Corsicans say the wine the latecomers produce gives Corsican wine a bad name. The separatists have attacked French winegrowers' homes, as well as banks and stores.

The Bretons of Western France are Celts, but only a handful among the 2.5 million living in Brittany are separatists. These pattern their actions after the militant branch of the Irish Republican Army. They've blown up Government buildings Army barracks.

French Basques, numbering about 120,000, have a core of separatists, but are less violent than those in Spain. A Paris official says: "The Basques are nto a French but a Spanish problem."

Basques who cross from Spain into France create tension between the Governments of the two countries. They welcomed King Juan Carlos's visit to Paris in October, 1976, with a series of bombings in the French capital. Among their targets: the headquarters of Interpol, the international police agency.
HOLLAND; A Color Problem

HOLLAND HAS A MINORITY problem with difference: Many of its nonwhite citizens want to leave the country. They are baiting the Dutch to help them set up an independent republic, separated from the rest of Indonesia.

Thousands of Asians from the former Dutch East Indies settled in the Netherlands after World War II. Their presence has created tensions and evoked violence. Militants among the 35,000 South Moluccans clamor to be returned to their homeland in Southeast Asia.

In purusing their aims, South Moluccan terrorists have attacked the Indonesian Embassy in The Hague, hijacked a train, plotted to kidnap Queen Juliana, and have taken hostages. Four deaths resulted from these activities.

Since Surinam achieved independence in November, 1975, about 150,000 - almost half of the young nation's population - have arrived in Holland and are Dutch citizens. Unemployment among them is high, for few speak Dutch well enough to hold jobs. Racial tension between the South Moluccans and the Surinamese is rising.
SWITZERLAND: Peaceful Change

TRADITIONALLY PEACEFUL SWITZERLAND has a smoothly functioning federal system of Cantons which enjoy considerable autonomy. Each of the three major language groups in the country - German, French and Italian - has its own radio and television network, and the German stations also carry programs in a fourth language - Romansch.

Yet demands by French-speaking Catholics in the Jura Mountains close to the French border for secession from the mainly German-speaking Protestant Canton of Bern have been accompanied by occasional riots and bombings.The separatists are likely to get what they want, a Jura Canton within the Swiss Parliament and in the Swiss embassies in Paris and Brussels, which the militants occupied forcibly, a Swiss commission decided in 1969 that Jura voters should have a say about their region's political future. The question of autonomy was voted on in 1974, and separatism won a majority of the popular vote. Jura may become the 26th Swiss Canton within three years.

GRAPHIC: Maps 1 through 7, no caption; Picture 1 , Withdrawal of British troops and independence for Ulster would probably lead to even bloodier fighting among armed civilians. WIDE WORLD

 

 

Copyright 1977 Associated Press
All Rights Reserved



The Associated Press


These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Associated Press


June 19, 1977, AM cycle


LENGTH: 440 words

BYLINE: By BORIS STEFANOVIC, Associated Press Writer

DATELINE: BELGRADE, Yugoslavia

BODY:
A blackout reportedly caused by drained aircraft batteries enabled Yugoslav securities men to overpower an armed Bulgarian and put a bloodless end to his hijacking attempt, authorities said Sunday.

The 22-year-old hijacker, auto mechanic Tsankov Dimitrov, commandered the Bulgarian Antonov 22 turboprop plane with 49 persons aboard on a domestic flight over Bulgaria on Saturday, put a gun to the head of a stewardess and demanded that he be flown to Munich or London, officials said.

The plane put down for fuel at Surcin airport, 10 miles north of Belgrade, and sat on a runway for two hours while security men negotiated with the hijacker.

"As negotiations were in progress the lights on the plane suddenly went out, because of drained batteries, and this made possible overpowering of the hijacker without any harm done to the passengers," said airport security chief Zika Jovanovic.

Dimitrije Cavajev, 37, the plane's captain, gave a slightly different version of the incident. He said the stewardess persuaded the hijacker to give up his gun with the promise that he would be taken to Western Europe aboard another plane.

It was then that Yugoslav security men seized him, the pilot said.

The hijacker, wearing a grey suit and with his hands manacled behind his back, was led away by police for questioning.

The 45 passengers and four crew members flew back to Bulgaria on Sunday morning.

Security at Surcin airport, closed for three hours because of the hijacking, had been stepped up because of the 35-nation conference in Belgrade, reviewing compliance with the Helsinki agreement on European security.

Yugoslav and Bulgarian diplomats said the hijacking was not connected with the conference. They also said the hijacker was not linked to Croatian nationalists seeking independence for Croatia, a part of Yugoslavia.

Croatian terrorists living in the United States hijacked an American plane on a flight from New York to Chicago last September and forced the pilot to fly them to Paris, where they surrendered to French authorities.

In another development, a bomb exploded Sunday morning on a train passing through Ljubljana, Yugoslavia, en route from West Germany to Greece. The blast killed one passenger and injured eight others, including two Finnish students.

Police said the bomb was planted on the train outside Yugoslavia, and there was speculation it was placed by Croatian terrorists.

Last week in New York, Croatian militants broke into the Yugoslav mission to the United Nations, wounded a Yugoslav guard and scattered leaflets demanding independence for Croatia before surrendering to police.

 

 

Copyright 1978 Facts on File, Inc.
Facts on File World News Digest


September 15, 1978


SECTION: OTHER NATIONS; Yugoslavia

PAGE: Pg. 706 E2

LENGTH: 627 words

HEADLINE: Croatians Release Chicago Hostages

BODY:
Two Croatian terrorists released six hostages in Chicago Aug. 17 and surrendered to authorities 10 hours after seizing the West German Consulate in the city. [See 1977, p. 642A2]

The two Croatians had demanded the release of Stefan Bilandzic from a West German prison. Bilandzic, a leading Croatian nationalist, was serving a life sentence in West Germany for attempting to assassinate the Yugoslavian consul general in Dusseldorf.

(Croatian nationalists were fighting Yugoslavia to gain independence for their region. Croatia was currently one of the six republices that formed Yugoslavia.)

The siege in Chicago began in the morning of Aug. 17 when the two terrorists, described as Croatians from the Chicago area, entered the building on South Michigan Ave. where the consulate was located. They demanded to talk to the consul general, who was not in the building, and then pulled out pistols. One of the men also claimed to have a bomb in his briefcase. Eight persons in the office were taken hostage.

The building was surrounded by police, who started negotiations with the Croatians. One of the terrorists' first demands was to speak to Bilandzic in West Germany. They said they wanted to block his possible extradition to Yugoslavia because they feared he would be killed by Yugoslavian authorities. They threatened to explode the bomb they carried if their demands were not met.

Two of the hostages were released early in the siege, including the daughter of the consul general.

A court ruling in West Germany earlier in the week, opening the way for Bilandzic's extradition to Yugoslavia, apparently provoked the Coatian's seizure of the Chicago consulate. The Yugoslavs had demanded Bilandzic's extradition and that of seven other Croatians held in West Germany in return for the extradition of four West German terrorists held in Yugoslavia. [See p. 438E3]

Police in Chicago and West Germany credited Ivan Bilandzic, brother of the imprisoned nationalist, for bringing about the surrender of the two Croatians. Bilandzic entered the consulate and spoke with the two men for 90 minutes before their surrender.

In other events connected with Croatian nationalism:

* More than 200 Croatian exiles demonstrated in Cologne Aug. 13 to protest a West German high court ruling that permitted the extradition of Stefan Bilandzic.

* Croatian terrorists planted two bombs in New York City Aug. 14 and demanded the release of Stefan Bilandzic from West German custody. Neither of the two bombs exploded. One was found on a window ledge in a United Nations building and the other in a locker at Grand Central Station.

Notes found with the bombs denounced "the terroristic ways of Yugoslavia dictatorship and its genocide of Croatians." Police said the bombs were large and well-made.

* An armed group of 19 Croatians was arrested by Australian police in a remote camp about 250 miles south of Sydney, it was reported Sept. 5. The Croatians had weapons, maps of their homeland and instructions on planting land mines.

The West German government announced Sept. 13 that it would refuse a Yugoslavian request for the extradition of three Croatians wanted in Yugoslaiva for terrorism. The three were among the eight Croatians sought by the Yugoslavian government in exchange for the four West German terrorists captured in Yugoslavia.

The West Germany decision was expected to make the Yugoslavs less likely to return the West German terrorists.

A West German court decided that there was insufficient evidence to justify the extradition of two of the wanted Croatians. The third Croatian, Stefan Bilandzic, was still under investigation by West German police, and therefore could not be returned.

 

 

 

Copyright 1979 Associated Press
All Rights Reserved



The Associated Press


These materials may not be republished without the express written consent of The Associated Press


December 5, 1979, Wednesday, AM cycle


SECTION: Domestic News

LENGTH: 328 words

HEADLINE: Manager of Blast-Torn Shop Arrested On Weapons Charge

DATELINE: NEW YORK

BODY:
The Yugoslavian sales manager of a travel agency torn apart by a Croatian terrorist bomb was arraigned Wednesday on charges of possession of a weapon and stolen property.

Police said further bomb blasts threatened by the terrorists after Tuesday's explosion never occurred. They were awaiting analysis of materials recovered at the bomb site for possible connections with previous Croatian terrorist blasts.

Croatian nationalists are seeking separation of Croatia from Yugoslavia, which was formed after World War I by the merger of several Balkan states.

Nadjo Balac, 29, of Manhattan, was being held in lieu of $10,000 bond and pending surrender of his resident-alien registration card.

Balac, sales manager of the Jet and Cruise Travel Agency, in Queens, was charged after police at the bomb site said they saw him packing a box containing a loaded .22-caliber gun. Investigation showed the gun was stolen seven years ago on Long Island, said police.

Deputy Inspector Joseph DeMartino, head of the city's Arson Explosion Squad, said it appeared that Croatian terrorists targeted the agency, owned by Yugoslavian Vlaho Rudenjak, because "some people feel that his contact with Yugoslavia is detrimental to the Croatian cause."

He said police found similarities to previous Croatian bombings but could not say with certainty that this bombing was connected with them because of dissimilarities in the signing of a communique.

The terrorists called news agencies about an hour after the blast and directed them to a locker in Grand Central Station. A letter there identified terrorists as the Croatian Liberation Fighters and warned of other bombs if demands for an end to economic aid to Yugoslavia were not met.

The bomb slightly injured two agency employees and a police officer who came to their aid, according to police. The blast nearly demolished the stairway in the three-story building and blew out windows of a ground-floor jewelry store.

 

 

Copyright 1972 The New York Times Company: Abstracts
Information Bank Abstracts
NEW YORK TIMES


January 28, 1972, Friday


SECTION: Page 3, Column 2

LENGTH: 105 words

JOURNAL-CODE: NYT

ABSTRACT:
W Ger reptdly remains main sanctuary of Croatian terrorists who have been organizing bombings and shootings to harass Tito Govt over yrs; about 12,000 Croatians reptdly received pol asylum as 'anti-Communists' in W Ger since World War II; many are members of Croatian exile orgns which have remained active; their common goal is a separate Croatian natl state; key figure in movement is Dr B Jelic, who heads Croatian People's Assembly, 1 of several postwar continuations of Ustasi movement, most extreme of Croatian nationalists; most of funds for his orgn reptdly comes from blackmailing over 500,000 Yugoslavs working in W Ger.

 

 

Copyright 1972 The New York Times Company: Abstracts
Information Bank Abstracts
NEW YORK TIMES


August 14, 1972, Monday


SECTION: Page 20, Column 2

LENGTH: 52 words

JOURNAL-CODE: NYT

ABSTRACT:
Yugoslav Premier D Bijedic accuses Australia and Austria of having tolerated terrorist and sabotage training by Croatian emigres, known as Ustashi, for action against Yugoslavia, speech in Bosnia-Herzegovina; charges Australia with allowing Croatian terrorists to train for raid into Yugoslavia about 2 mos ago

 

 

 

Copyright 1972 The New York Times Company: Abstracts
Information Bank Abstracts
NEW YORK TIMES


September 26, 1972, Tuesday


SECTION: Page 1, Column 5

LENGTH: 31 words

JOURNAL-CODE: NYT

ABSTRACT:
US Sec of State Rogers, asking UN on Sept 25 to convene meeting in '73 to act on international terrorism, cites Sept 15 incident in which 90 Swedes were held hostage by Croatian terrorists

 

 

Copyright 1973 The New York Times Company: Abstracts
Information Bank Abstracts
NEW YORK TIMES


April 2, 1973, Monday


SECTION: Page 6, Column 1

LENGTH: 131 words

JOURNAL-CODE: NYT

ABSTRACT:
Fed and state policemen raid about 80 homes of Yugoslavs in Sydney, Australia, on Apr 1 in move against alleged Croatian terrorist activity; 13 persons are charged; operation followed statement in Australian Parliament last wk by Atty Gen Sen L K Murphy, in which he accused several Croatian orgns and number of individuals of running Australian-based terrorist operation against Yugoslav Govt; Yugoslavia has charged Australia is being used as training ground for Croatian secessionists, who return to Yugoslavia and commit acts of terrorism; Murphy's statement came after he led invasion of offices of Australian Security Intelligence Agency on Mar 16 and sealed safes and took papers related to Croatian activities; repercussions of Murphy's action on Australian pol situation noted.

 

 

 

 

Copyright 1973 The New York Times Company: Abstracts
Information Bank Abstracts
NEW YORK TIMES


May 29, 1973, Tuesday


SECTION: Page 13, Column 1

LENGTH: 144 words

JOURNAL-CODE: NYT

ABSTRACT:
Pol storm appears imminent in Australia over official actions against alleged Croatian terrorists in Australia who oppose Yugoslav Govt; conservative majority in Australian Sen, over opposition of Prime Min G Whitlam's Labor Govt, last wk voted to conduct com inquiry into circumstances surrounding raids by police on about 80 Croatian homes in Sydney area in Apr; probe is certain to focus on role of Whitlam's Atty Gen, L K Murphy, who ordered raids; earlier, Murphy led Fed police in seizure of documents on Croatian activities held by Australian Secret Intelligence Orgn; in rept to Parliament, Murphy has accused 7 Croatian orgns and number of individuals of running terrorist campaign against Yugoslav Govt led by Tito, appearing to confirm Yugoslav protest to Australia last yr charging Australia is being used as training base by Croatian secessionists

 

 

 

Copyright 1976 The New York Times Company: Abstracts
Information Bank Abstracts
NEW YORK TIMES


September 12, 1976, Sunday


SECTION: Page 1, Column 6

LENGTH: 182 words

BYLINE: BY ROBERT E TOMASSON

JOURNAL-CODE: NYT

ABSTRACT:
Croatian terrorists who hijacked NY-to-Chicago Boeing 727 surrender at Charles de Gaulle Airport, Roissy, France, on Sept 12 and free 60 passengers and crew members who had been held captive for 30 hrs. Surrender follows 12-hr stalemate in which French authorities blew out plane's tires and said they would not allow it to take off under any circumstances.None of passengers or crew members had been apparently injured. Soon after drama ended US Amb to France Kenneth Rush said hijackers were given option of returning to US for trial. Expressed belief they would accede to returning to US. Hijackers, while on ground at Paris airport, were reptd to have demanded to speak by telephone with Pres Ford, Sec Kissinger or Amb Rush. White House issued statement saying that 'since Rush is in Paris, he is person most appropriate to communicate with plane'. Ford meets with Transporation Sec William T Coleman and FAA Admr John McLucas and orders investigation of boarding procedures in effect at La Guardia for hijacked flight. Incident revd. Map of flight's detoured route. Illus (L).

GRAPHIC: Illustrations: Combination

 

Copyright 1976 The New York Times Company: Abstracts
Information Bank Abstracts
NEW YORK TIMES


September 12, 1976, Sunday


SECTION: Page 22, Column 5

LENGTH: 148 words

BYLINE: BY JAMES F CLARITY

JOURNAL-CODE: NYT

ABSTRACT:
Surrender of Croatian terrorists who seized TWA 727 and landed in Paris, France, Sept 11 follows arrest on Sept 12 of 1 of hijackers. Hijacker, woman who is not identified by French officials, left aircraft to telephone contacts in US to verify texts of Croatian hijackers' anti-Yugoslav statement had been publicized in US. Earlier US Amb to France Kenneth Rush talked by radiophone at airport with Croatian terrorists who had hijacked plane. Released passenger William Knudson comments. Interior Min, headed by Michel Poniatowski, who is personally directing French actions, confirms rept by French press agency that 'in no circumstances' would plane be allowed to leave airport. In reponse to another of hijackers' demands, US reporter is allowed to approach plane with copies of photostats of US newspapers that had published texts of terrorists' grievances and demands (M).

 

 

Copyright 1976 The New York Times Company: Abstracts
Information Bank Abstracts
NEW YORK TIMES


September 12, 1976, Sunday


SECTION: Page 23, Column 1

LENGTH: 82 words

BYLINE: BY JOSEPH B TREASTER

JOURNAL-CODE: NYT

ABSTRACT:
FAA investigators believe weapons used by Croatian terrorists in hijacking TWA 727--handguns, explosive materials and possibly submachine gun--was planted on aircraft before passengers began boarding. View developed as some of released passengers reported to investigators that they had seen terrorists picking up weapons that had apparently been secreted in various places on aircraft and after screening devices at La Guardia Airport has been checked and found to be working properly (M).

 

 

Copyright 1977 The Washington Post
The Washington Post


June 15, 1977, Wednesday, Final Edition


SECTION: First Section; A3

LENGTH: 645 words

HEADLINE: Croat Terrorists Held in N.Y. Shooting

BYLINE: By William Claiborne, Washington Post Staff Writer

DATELINE: NEW YORK, June 14, 1977

BODY:
Three Croatian terrorists shot their way into the Yugoslav mission to the United Nations today, wounding a guard and then staged a ruse in which they had police believing for two hours that a woman hostage was being held behind barricaded doors.

In an almost comic opera ending to the seige, the terrorists abandoned their ploy of using a falsetto voice to deceive police, and surrendered meekly.

The police, in turn, then scattered the scores of reporters waiting outside the Fifth Ave. building by drawing their weapons in response to a report that a Yugoslav mission employee had broken out a machine gun.

Amid shouts of "get the window closed, get out of here!," camermen and reporters beat hasty retreats in every direction, while the police deftly spirited the Croatians away in squard cars.

Police never confirmed the machine gun rumor.

Police said the last-minute flurry of gun wielding and shouting was designed to prevent possible attacks on the terrorists by persons in the large crowd surrounding the mission.

The drama began shortly before 2.30 p.m. when, police said, three armed men burst into the four-story mission at Fifth Avenue and 67th Street after coolly walking past a uniformed New York City policeman standing guard outside, without arousing his suspiciouns.

Deputy Police Chief Francis McLoughlin said when the terrorists entered a foyer they shot a Yugoslav chauffeur, Radiomir Medich, 58, who was standing guard inside. Wounded in the abdomn, Medich later was reported in fair condition at Lenox Hill Hospital.

McLoughlin said the gunmen then bolted upstairs to a third-floor office, pursued by New York City Patrolman John Gavin, who heard the shot while patrolling outside on the sidewalk.

The terrorists barricaded themselves in the office, which police said was apparently empty at the time, and began throwing hundreds of leaflets into the street below. The leaflets demanded independence for Croatians, whose territory was annexed in 1918 along with that of Serbians, Slones and other South Slavs, to form the kingdom of Yugoslavia.

The terrorists hauled down a Yugoslav flag and shouted to police that they wanted some of the leaflets delivered to the U.N. Secretary General Kurt Waldheim. The police complied.

For the next two hours, members of the police department's hostage negotiating team talked to the terrorists through the barricaded door. McLoughlin said that at one point, the negotiators heard what they thought was a woman's voice, although he said it seemed that the "woman" had a gag over her mouth.

Assistant FBI Director J. Wallace LaPrade, who was at the scene, and New York Chief of Detectives John Keenan later concurred that there was no hostage in the office, and that the terrorists probably had faked a woman's voice.

"They had to surrender eventually and they did. The police negotiators convinced them the only thing to do was come out of there," LaPrade said.

In a circus-like atmosphere, hundreds of passersby and reporters crowded closer and closer to the front entrance of the small mission building, which is wedged between two luxury high-rise apartment buildings in the fashionable East side neighbourhood.

Casually clad youths riding tenspeed bicycles and one man carrying a miniature poodle shoved their way along with reporters closest to the door as rumors circulated that the gunmen were about to be led outside.

Some Yugoslac employees inside shouted, "Kill them. They'll never get justice." A police official at headquarters said later, "Somebody thought they saw 3 machine gun at the window, but we're not confirming that."

The incident was the second time in a year that Croatian nationalists have carried out a terrorist act in New York City. Last September a TWA jetliner with 86 passengers was hijacked at Kennedy Airport and taken to Paris by five Croats.

GRAPHIC: Picture 1, New York police carry heavy equipment into Yugoslav mission to the United Nations after three Croatians invaded it and barricaded themselves in an office. AP Picture 2, A Croatian terrorist, one of three who shot their way into the Yugoslav mission to the U.N., is led away by New York police after surrender. UPI

 

 

Copyright 1978 The Washington Post
The Washington Post


August 15, 1978, Tuesday, Final Edition


SECTION: Metro; Around the Nation; B5

LENGTH: 104 words

HEADLINE: 2 Bombs Fail to Explode At U.N. and Grand Central

BYLINE: From news services and staff reports

DATELINE: NEW YORK

BODY:
Croatian terrorists yesterday planted dynamite bombs on a United Nations window ledge and in a locker in Grand Central Station to demand the release of Croatian accused of the trying to kill the Yugoslavian ambassador to West Germany, police said. Neither device exploded.

The notes found with the bombs claimed that they were planted by a group that seeks the separation of Croatia from Yugoslavia.

Chief of detectives James Sullivan called the group "very well-schoolde bomb-makers."

A U.N. spokesman said the bomb found on a window ledge on the Dag Hammarskjold Library was "enough to blow up the library."

 

 

Copyright 1976 The New York Times Company: Abstracts
Information Bank Abstracts
NEW YORK TIMES


September 13, 1976, Monday


SECTION: Page 18, Column 1

LENGTH: 62 words

BYLINE: BY LESLIE MAITLAND

JOURNAL-CODE: NYT

ABSTRACT:
Article on NYC Police Sgt Terence G McTigue, who was seriously injured during attempted detonation of bomb planted by Croatian terrorists in Grand Central Terminal locker. Recalls McTigue's 16-yr career as top demolition expert. Patrolmen's Benevolent Assn pres Douglas Weaving comments. Meanwhile, Police Dept makes funeral arrangements for Officer Brian Murray (M).

 

 

Copyright 1976 The New York Times Company: Abstracts
Information Bank Abstracts
NEW YORK TIMES


September 13, 1976, Monday


SECTION: Page 29, Column 6

LENGTH: 31 words

JOURNAL-CODE: NYT

ABSTRACT:
French Interior Min Michel Poniatowski, in Quotation of the Day on hijacking by Croatian terrorists, says 'Only an attitude of firmness can end this kind of odious blackmail'. Por.

GRAPHIC: Illustrations: Photograph

 

 

Copyright 1976 The New York Times Company: Abstracts
Information Bank Abstracts
NEW YORK TIMES


September 15, 1976, Wednesday


SECTION: Page 89, Column 3

LENGTH: 97 words

JOURNAL-CODE: NYT

ABSTRACT:
Thousands attend Sept 14 burial rites for NYC Police Office Brian Murray, who was killed in blast of bomb planted by Croatian terrorists. Rev John Donnelly officiates at mass, held at St Agnes Cathedral, Rockville Centre, NY, and delivers eulogy. Mourners include Murray's widow Kathleen and 4-yr-old son Keith, Mayor Beame, FBI Dir Kelley, NYC Police Comr Codd and TWA pres Edward Meyer. Officer Henry Dworkin and Deputy Inspector Fritz Behr, who also were injured in blast, arrive by ambulance. Sgt Terence McTigue remains in Jacobi Hosp in critical condition. Illus (L).

 

 

Copyright 1978 The New York Times Company: Abstracts
Information Bank Abstracts
NEW YORK TIMES


August 20, 1978, Sunday


SECTION: Page 31

LENGTH: 87 words

JOURNAL-CODE: NYT

ABSTRACT:
Six hostages held at West German consulate in Chicago (Ill) are released due to chance meeting between priest and man seeking support for his jailed brother. Two Croatian terrorists, Mile Kodzoman and Bozo Kelava, had seized consulate to dramatize their demand for release of fellow-Croatian Stjepan Bilandzic from a West German jail. Two were persuaded to surrender by Rev Paul Maslach of St Jerome Croatian Church in Chicago and Bilandzic's brother Ivan, who happened to be visiting Maslach at time of seizure (M).

 

 

Copyright 1979 The Washington Post
The Washington Post



July 25, 1979, Wednesday, Final Edition


SECTION:
First Section; A1

LENGTH: 852 words

HEADLINE:
Terrorist Worked As Ambassador's Bodyguard Here;
Ambassador's Bodyguard Was Croatian Terrorist

BYLINE:
By Christopher Dickey, Washington Post Staff Writer

BODY:
From 1977 through 1978, Paraguay's ambassador here employed as his personal bodyguard an international terrorist convicted of killing Yugoslavia's ambassador to Sweden in 1971.

Miro Baresic, 28, a karate expert with a hot temper who was sprung from a Swedish prison in 1972 as part of a ransom demand by airline hijackers, used the name Toni Saric when he escorted Paraguay's Ambassor Mario Lopez-Escobar around Washington.

U.S. authorities did not know his real identity at the time, State Department sources said yesterday.

Baresic left the Paraguayan embassy after he was accused of assaulting a motorcyclist during a minor traffic incident here in March 1978. He avoided arrest by claiming diplomatic immunity.

In recent months, Baresic has become a target of a major federal investigation into acts of terrorism by right-wing Croatian separatists against Yugoslavians in the United States and elsewhere. He and another Croatian terrorist, both of whom were turned over to U.S. officials by the Paraguayan government in Asuncion last week, are being held in New York on charges of obtaining U.S. visas with false information.

Lopez-Escobar said yesterday that he had no knowledge of Baresic's background or real name while Baresic worked here. "He was sent by the government of Paraguay," Lopez-Escobar said. "He came here, I accept him, that's all."

It is not clear to what extent other Paraguayan officials knew of "Saric's" background. Robert B. Fiske Jr., the U.S. attorney in New York City who is heading the investigation, recently emphasized the "important assistance and cooperation" of the Paraguayan government in securing the return of Baresic and fellow terrorist Ivan Vujucevic to this country.

But the authoritarian regime of Paraguayan president Alfredo Stroessner has long been accused of harboring right-wing fugitives, including Nazi Josef Mengele, who supervised the murder of 400,000 people at Auschwitz.

Baresic is reputedly a member of the Ustashi movement, which sided with the Nazis in World War Ii. The group wants to make Croatia independent from the rest of Yugolslavis.

Since the early 1970s the group has focused most of its terrorist activities on Yugoslavs living abroad.

Croatian terrorists were implicated in or took credit for a series of assassinations and assassination attempts ranging from West Germany to Paraguay in the first half of the decade. In 1972, they took credit for blowing up a Yugoslav airplane over Czechoslovakia, killing 29 people. In 1976, they hijacked a Trans World Airlines flight from New York to Paris.

Last month the Federal Bureau of Investigation attributed several more recent violent acts to the Croatians, including three bombings, two murders and numerous death threats. There were also numerous extortion demands, an FBI spokesman said, in which victims were told to mail their money to an address in Paraguay.

Baresic and Vujicevic were at the vanguard of this wave of violence. In April 1971, Baresic was one of two terrorists who shot and killed Yugoslavia's ambassador to Sweden, Vladimir Rolovic. The same year Vujicevic participated in an armed assault on the Yugoslav embassy in Stockholm.

Both were convicted. Baresic was sentenced to life imprisonment and Vujicevic to 3 1/2 years. But fellow Croatian radicals hijacked a domestic Swedish airline flight in September 1972, and the Swedish government released seven terrorists, including Baresic and Vujiceivic, to comply with their demands.

Baresic and Vujicevic went with the hijackers to Spain, where they were held briefly before going to Paraguay, according to sources close to the investigation.

Lopez-Escobar said yesterday that Baresic was "absolutely not" involved in terrorist activities while he worked in Washington from September 1977 through November 1978.

The ambassador did say that there was an incident in which his bodyguard hit "a Negro young man."

The young man, Metrobus driver Jesse Blac, 26, is the son of Alma Black, District Del. Walter Fauntroy's D.C. office manager.

In March 1978, Jesse Black said, he was riding his motorcycle home from work on Massachusetts Avenue when a limousine the ambassador was riding in pulled out from in front of the Paraguayan embassy, forcing him into the oncoming traffic lane. Black pulled in front of the car and stopped at which point "Saric" got out, Black said.

"It was like he jumped up and kicked me . . .kicked me off the bike," Black said. When he was down on the ground, Saric kicked him again.

Black was taken to a hospital and treated for bruises and sprains before being released. His mother, on hearing the Paraguayan explanation of the incident to the police -- that Baresic was only protecting the ambassador and was covered by diplomatic immunity -- decided to pursue the case with the State Department.

As a result, in July 1978, "Saric" reluctantly paid Jesse Black $1,000 in damages.

The worst part of the incident, said Alma Black, was that "I felt like if me or my son had been in P araguay, they would have just locked us up and thrown away the key.

GRAPHIC:
Picture, Miro Baresic, who worked for Paraguay's ambassador here, is a terrorist convicted of killing an ambassador.

 

 

 

Copyright 1980 The Washington Post
The Washington Post


June 5, 1980, Thursday, Final Edition


SECTION: First Section; A31

LENGTH: 663 words

HEADLINE: Croatian Group Says It Bombed Yugoslav Envoy's Home Here

BYLINE: By Timothy S. Robinson, Washington Post Staff Writer; Washington Post staff writer Art Harris contributed to this article.

BODY:
A group of Croatian nationalists claimed "full responsibility" yesterday for a Tuesday morning bombing at the Northwest Washington home of the Yugoslav charge d'affaires.

In a two-page typewritten letter mailed to The Washington Post and other news media, the group, "Croatian Freedom Fighters," said it carried out the "action in Washington, D.C. as a sign of protest against the Yugoslav government" and its treatment of the Croatian movement's supporters. The letter, postmarked Tuesday, was in Croatian.

There were no injuries in the 4 a.m., explosion at the home of acting Yugoslav ambassador Vladimir Sindjelic on Quincy Street NW.

The FBI has been investigating "the possibility that the bomb was planted by one of the anticommunist Yugoslavian terrorist splinter groups" that have claimed credit for previous acts of violence, an FBI spokesman said shortly after the blast.

Yesterday's letter appeared to come from one such group.

The letter demanded, among other things, an "urgent investigation into the case of Miro Baresic" and that a Swedish doctor be allowed to visit Baresic in a Swedish prison.

Baresic, a 29-year-old karate expert who was released from a Swedish prison in 1972 as part of a ransom demand by Croatians who hijacked an airliner, worked for the Paraguayan embassy in Washington in 1977 and 1978 under a different name.

Later he became a target of a major federal investigation into acts of terriorism by right-wing Croatian separatists against Yugoslavs in the United States and elsewhere. Baresic went to Paraguay in 1978. Later he and another Croatian terrorist there was extradited to the United States, and spent about a year in a New York jail before being deported to Sweden last month.

"We are turning attention of the American and world public and governments to the decision of the command of Croatian liberation forces that actions toward Croatian fighters and nationalists will no longer be tolerated . . .," the letter said.

The group said it would continue to make its demands "until the creation of a Croatian state."

Since 1971, when the Yugoslav region called Croatia lost some of its autonomy, there have been a number of attacks against Yugoslav government personnel and installations abroad.

Croatian terrorists were implicated or claimed involvement in a series of assassination attempts in various countries, ranging from West Germany to Paraguay, in the first half of the decade. In 1972 they claimed responsibility for blowing up a Yugoslav airliner over Czechoslovakia, a blast in which 29 persons were killed.

In April 1971, Baresic himself pleaded quilty in Sweden to the assassination of the Yugoslav ambassador to Sweden earlier that year.

Croatian nationalists also hijacked an American jetliner bound for Paris in 1976. During that incident a New York City policeman was killed when he tried to disarm a bomb planted in Grand Central Station by Croatians in connection with the hijacking.

A New York City police report earlier this year listed 60 "significant" acts of terrorism by Croatians worldwide since 1962. At least 50 persons have died in such incidents since 1972, the report said.

One State Department official has theorized that the bombing of Sindjelic's home here was "an attempt to throw a shadow" on President Carter's scheduled trip to Yugoslavia next month. Carter is scheduled to visit the country -- to underscore continuing U.S. support for Yugoslav independence following the death of President Tito -- on the way to a meeting of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in Turkey.

President Tito died May 4 after a long illness, and was replaced by a new collective government.

The State Department official said the agency had warned Sindjelic and other Yugoslav diplomats about possible targets to their safety because of a State Department fear that Tito's death might prompt an outbreak of anti-Yugoslav government violence.

 

 

Copyright 1980 The New York Times Company
The New York Times


September 16, 1980, Tuesday, Late City Final Edition


SECTION: Section A; Page 16, Column 6; National Desk

LENGTH: 156 words

HEADLINE: AROUND THE NATION;
3 Arrested in Cleveland In Alleged Terrorist Plot

BYLINE: AP

DATELINE: CLEVELAND, Sept. 15

BODY:


Three Cleveland men have been arrested after the exposure of an alleged plot by Croatian terrorists to kill two people in Ohio and one in New York, according to United States Treasury agents and the Cleveland police.

The police identified the men as Vinko Logarusic, 34 years old, also charged in the 1979 bombing of a Cleveland travel

National news appears on pages A16-20, A22 and A25;

political news, B4-6.
agency; Milan Butina, 32, a carpet layer, and his brother-in-law, Gaines Buttrey, 24, a welder.

The three were charged with conspiracy to commit aggravated murder and were being held in bail of $15,000 each. Treasury agents and members of a Cleveland Police Organized Crime Field Intelligence section confiscated $3,000 from Mr. Butina and Mr. Buttrey, the authorities said. The money was allegedly paid to the men to kill someone, they said. No information was released about the three alleged targets for murder.

 

 

 

Copyright 1981 The New York Times Company
The New York Times


January 24, 1981, Saturday, Late City Final Edition


SECTION: Section 2; Page 25, Column 5; Metropolitan Desk

LENGTH: 605 words

HEADLINE: BOMB SHATTERS WINDOWS IN COURTHOUSE DOWNTOWN

BYLINE: By LEONARD BUDER

BODY:


A pipe bomb exploded early yesterday afternoon in the sub-basement of the New York State Supreme Court Building in lower Manhattan, halting trial sessions and forcing out 2,000 employees, jurors, lawyers and others. There were no injuries.

The explosion ruptured water pipes and shattered some ground-level windows facing the street. The noise was heard on the fifth floor of the solid seven-story building at 60 Centre Street, and the impact was felt on the top floor, the police said.

A caller identifying himself as a member of the Croatian Freedom Fighters telephoned United Press International in New York City at 9:45 A.M. and warned that a bomb would go off somewhere in the city ''at half after 12.'' The blast occurred at 12:45 P.M. The caller did not identify the building.

About 45 judges were working when the explosion occurred, with perhaps a dozen conducting trials. Those presiding halted their cases and quickly joined the exodus from the 53-year-old building.

'Could Have Been Disaster'

''It was a miracle no one was hurt - it could have been a disaster,'' said Norman Goodman, the County Clerk. He said 40 or 50 employees were working in basement rooms not far from where the bomb went off.

Judge E. Leo Milonas, the deputy chief administrative judge for New York City courts, said: ''If this had been Monday, there would have been maybe 3,000 people in the building, so we were lucky.'' Monday is the start of a new court term.

Judge Milonas said the worst damage consisted of a broken pipe that caused flooding in the sub-basement. ''We plan to have that repaired by evening and will be open for business again on Monday,'' Judge Milonas said.

Reference Made to Arrests

As soon as the explosion went off, uniformed court officers rushed from room to room ordering an evacuation. The caller who claimed responsibility for the bombing said his group was ''protesting the American Government's ignorance and approval of Yugoslavian persecution of Croatian dissidents.''

''This is a time for Americans to celebrate the liberation of American hostages from Iran,'' the caller said. ''But don't forget there are many innocent Croatians in American jails now kept locked up just to please the Yugoslavia dying regime.''

The news organization said the caller made a reference to the arrest last month in the New York metropolitan area of seven persons accused of being Croatian terrorists.

Shortly after the bomb exploded, WCBS Radio said it had received a call from a person identifying himself as a member of a Puerto Rican terrorist organization and claiming responsibility for the bombing.

Timing Mechanism Attached

James T. Sullivan, the city's chief of detectives, said investigators thought the bombing was the work of a Croatian group. He said the explosive device was a pipe bomb with a timing mechanism that was attached to a foot-long propane gas tank.

Chief Sullivan said the device had been placed in a metal gutter beneath a four-inch water pipe that was suspended from the ceiling. Reports of the explosion brought police and fire units and members of a special antiterrorism unit to the scene. Justice Bentley Kassal, who was in his chambers at the time of the blast, gathered up his papers and later, as he stood on the front steps outside the building, signed documents while waiting for word on whether the building would be reopened.

 

 

Copyright 1981 The Washington Post
The Washington Post


March 29, 1981, Sunday, Final Edition


SECTION: First Section; Around the Nation; Addenda; A4

LENGTH: 34 words

BYLINE: From news services and staff reports

BODY:


Five men described as members of a Croatian terrorist group have been convicted on federal charges of plotting to bomb a number of public buildings in New York City and to murder a political opponent.

 

 

Copyright 1980 The Washington Post
The Washington Post


June 6, 1980, Friday, Final Edition


SECTION: First Section; Around the Nation; Addenda; A8

LENGTH: 22 words

BYLINE: From news services and staff reports

BODY:
New York officials say Croatian terrorists appear to have been responsible for the bombing at the Statue of Liberty this week.

 

 

 

Copyright 1979 The New York Times Company: Abstracts
Information Bank Abstracts
NEW YORK TIMES


December 29, 1979, Saturday


SECTION: Page 24, Column 6

LENGTH: 51 words

JOURNAL-CODE: NYT

ABSTRACT:
US Federal officials begin proceedings to extradite Croatian terrorist Miro Baresic to Sweden, where he was freed from prison in '72 at demand of airline hijackers. Baresic had been serving life sentence after being convicted in '71 of murdering Vladimir Rodovich, Yugoslav Ambassador to Sweden (S).

 

All articles posted for Fair Use only.



Zvonko Bušić back to Croatia after serving 30 years in US



CROAZIA: ESTREMA DESTRA ACCOGLIE DA EROE DIROTTATORE GRAZIATO

(ANSA) - ZAGABRIA, 24 LUG - Zvonko Busic, esule anticomunista croato condannato nel 1977 all'ergastolo negli Stati uniti per terrorismo e per avere dirottato un aereo di linea, e' ritornato stasera in Croazia, accolto da un folla di circa 500 persone, perlopiu' legate all'estrema destra politica. Lo riferiscono i media croati. Busic, che ha trascorso 32 anni nelle carceri americane, e' stato graziato alcune settimane fa a condizione che non rientrasse negli Usa. Il 10 settembre 1976 Busic fu a capo di un gruppo di esuli croati che sequestrarono un Boeing 727 TWA in volo tra New York e Chicago con a bordo 76 passeggeri. I quattro uomini e la moglie di Busic, tutti legati ad ambienti nazionalistici croati in opposizione al regime comunista del maresciallo Tito e all'idea della Jugoslavia federale, dirottarono l'aereo per lanciare su Londra e Parigi volantini in cui si chiedeva l'indipendenza della Croazia. Dopo l'operazione fecero decollare il Boeing a Parigi dove si consegnarono alla polizia.
Prima di salire sull'aereo il gruppo mise una bomba nella metropolitana di New York e ne avverti' le autorita', ma durante il disinnesco l'ordigno esplose uccidendo un agente, Brian J. Murray. Alla notizia del suo rilascio la vedova dell'agente, Kathleen Murray, si e' detta ''scioccata''. Questa sera, all'aeroporto di Zagabria ad aspettare Busic, accanto alla moglie Julienne e i tre compagni terroristi, anche loro graziati prima della fine della pena di 30 anni, c'erano circa 500 persone, tra cui vari personaggi politici legati alla destra nazionalista, che lo hanno accolto quasi fosse un eroe, con bandiere nazionali e canzoni patriottiche. (ANSA). COR-TF
24/07/2008 22:50



Croat terrorist back to Croatia after serving 30 years in US

Associated Press - July 24, 2008

ZAGREB, Croatia - A Croatian news agency says a
convicted plane hijacker is returning to Croatia after
serving 30 years in jail in the United States.
The state-run agency HINA quoted the wife of Zvonko
Busic as saying he would return Thursday after being
granted parole for hijacking a TWA flight in 1976.
Busic led the group of hijackers to draw attention to
Croatia's struggle for independence from communist
Yugoslavia and later surrendered.
But a bomb they stashed in a locker at New York's
Grand Central Terminal exploded when police tried to
defuse it, killing one officer and blinding a second.
Busic, revered by some in Croatia as a hero, was
convicted in 1977 of air piracy and granted parole
earlier this month.


---

CEREMONIAL RETURN

Friends Await Zvonko Busic
Around 500 citizens carried Croatian flags, sang patriotic songs, and chanted Busic’s name.

Javno.com (Croatia) - July 29, 2008

Around 500 friends, acquaintances and supporters greeted Zvonko Busic at Zagreb’s airport. Unfortunately, a few people managed to start chanting “Za dom spremni” ("ready for the homeland" (*)), but were soon hushed quiet, and Busic himself, upon arriving, asked those present to not shout Ustasha greetings.
"Do not let me be ashamed of you, but make me proud of you," said Busic clearly.
Amongst the many visitors were Frane Pesut, Slobodan Vlasic and Petar Matanic, participants of the hijacking of the American aircraft on a flight from New York to Chicago.
"What should I say to you, I am overjoyed, I hardly awaited this moment," said Frane Pesut with tears of joy in his eyes.
During a conversation, he stated that he knows nothing about the organization of the hijacking, because he believed Zvonko Busic and his associates that he was bringing a real bomb into the plane.
Marijan Bosnjak, somebody that knows and respects what he calls a selfless sacrifice by a Croatian hero, said that Busic decided to sacrifice himself for what he believes in.
"Zvonko wanted to attract the attention of the world to the suffering of one small people. Actions like those of Busic, raised the spirits of Croatians in the Diaspora. That event gained the attention of the whole world, and the punishment was absolutely too strict. They did not want anyone to get hurt, that action was the answer to the repression in Yugoslavia," considers Bosnjak.
"I am beside myself from happiness. The big thing is that he (Busic) can return to a independent country, and if it will remain independent is its own choice," said Benjamin Tolic.
The event was also attended by Father Vjekoslav Lasic, who before coming to the airport, paid respects to the remains of Dinko Sakic (**) at the crematorium.
"I came to greet the Croatian legend Zvonko Busic, who I visited a number of times in prison. The sentence was too strong, and he lay innocent in the USA," said Vjekoslav Lasic.
Marijan Buconjic, Busic’s roommate in New York, considers that Zvonko’s act was justified, and that he managed to show that Yugoslavia was repressive towards Croatians.
Drazen Budisa, the representative of the Busic family, held a welcoming speech in which he said that Zvonko and his associated deeply regretted the innocent victim, the police officer Brian Murray, but that they did not want anyone to get hurt. An unfortunate turn of events was in question. He wished Busic and his wife peace and freedom in their life in Croatia.
"I also fought for the independence of Croatia. I came as a Croatian convict, to greet a Croatian convict," said Anto Kovacevic who was also there.
Busic was protected by strong police security and bodyguards that were hired by the veterans’ associations. That security managed to, with great difficulty, restrain the many people gathered there to greet Busic.

(* Hystorical slogan of the fascist ustascia movement. "Pronti per la Patria", slogan del movimento nazifascista degli ustascia. NdCNJ)
(** A notorious, high-rank ustasha criminal in the 40ies. Tristemente noto criminale ustascia di alto livello negli anni '40. NdCNJ)



Nazi memorial in Croatia a disgrace to Europe

By EFRAIM ZUROFF

1/4/2012


A service for Hitler is unthinkable.
So why is the world quiet in response to a service for Ante Pavelić?


Imagine for a minute that memorial masses were held in two major cities in Germany on the anniversary of the death of Adolf Hitler. Needless to say, such a ceremony would arouse fury, indignation, and widespread protests not only in Germany, but throughout the entire world. Last week, the local equivalent of such an event took place in Croatia, but instead of anger and demonstrations, not a single word of protest was heard from anywhere in the country.

I am referring to the December 28 memorial masses conducted in Zagreb and Split (and perhaps elsewhere as well) to mark the 51st anniversary of the death of Ante Pavelić, the head of state of the infamous Independent State of Croatia, created by the Nazis and their Italian allies in 1941. Following its establishment, rule was turned over to the local fascist movement, the Ustasha, headed by its Poglavnik (leader) Ante Pavelić.

During the entire course of its brief existence (1941- 1945), the Ustasha sought to rid the country (which consisted of the area of today’s Croatia plus most of Bosnia-Herzegovina) of all its minorities, as well as their local political opponents. In order to do so, they established a network of concentration camps all over the country, the largest and most notorious of which was Jasenovac, located on the banks of the Sava River, southeast of Zagreb. There, many tens of thousands of innocent civilians were murdered in a variety of brutal ways, which earned the camp the nickname of the “Auschwitz of the Balkans.”

To this day, there continue to be disputes regarding the total number of civilians murdered by the Ustasha, but the number is certainly no fewer than several hundred thousand, primarily Serbs, along with Jews, Roma and anti-fascist Croats. And while all those who participated in these atrocities bear criminal responsibility, the individual with the greatest culpability was undoubtedly Ante Pavelić, who headed the most lethal regime in Axis-dominated Europe.

THE MEMORIAL masses to honor Pavelić, who died in Spain in 1959 from wounds suffered in an assassination attempt two years earlier, mark a renewal of a tradition which began in the 1990s following the reestablishment of Croatian independence. In the wake of the conviction in Zagreb of Jasenovac commandant Dinko Sakic and in response to protests by the Wiesenthal Center, the mass was stopped and the priest responsible, Vjekoslav Lasic, left Croatia.

Unfortunately, however, Lasic returned to Zagreb a few years ago and renewed his neo-fascist activity with impunity. At the funeral of Sakic, who insisted on being buried in his Ustasha uniform although in prison for his World War II crimes, it was Lasic who administered final rites. According to the Dominican priest, although Dinko Sakic did not observe all the Ten Commandments (Thou shalt not murder?), he was a model for all Croatians, and every Croat should be proud of his name.

The question now is, how does such an event to honor the memory of one of the biggest mass murderers of World War II pass with nary a word of protest or condemnation? The obvious address for such indignation would be in Croatia itself, where many people fought with Tito’s partisans against the Ustasha, and a significant sector of the population have a strong anti-fascist tradition. But the same question applies outside the country as well.

Croatia is well on its way to membership in the European Union (slated for 2013), a membership which is ostensibly contingent on the acceptance of EU values and norms. Is a memorial mass for one of Europe’s worst war criminals compatible with EU membership?

The sad truth is that in this respect, the European Union has failed miserably in dealing with the resurgence of neo-fascism and the promotion of Holocaust distortion in its post-Communist members. Once admitted to the EU (and NATO), countries like Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Hungary and Romania have begun to take active steps to rewrite their World War II histories, minimizing or attempting to hide the highly-significant role played by their nationals in Holocaust crimes, with barely a word of protest or condemnation from Brussels.

Instead of actively combating the Prague Declaration of June 3, 2008, which promotes the canard of historical equivalency between Nazi and Communist crimes and undermines the justified status of the Holocaust as a unique case of genocide, the EU has failed to adequately respond to this dangerous challenge to the accepted Western narrative of World War II and its tragic consequences.

I wish I could conclude with the good news that Israel and the Jewish world have responded appropriately, but unfortunately that is not the case. These developments have been purposely ignored by the Israeli government, which under Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman refuses to respond to the assault on our past in those countries which have evinced no particular interest in championing the Palestinian cause.

Last week’s masses in honor of Ante Pavelić are a mockery of Christian values and an insult to all the victims of the Ustasha, their relatives, friends, and people of morality and conscience the world over. The time has come for effective protests from within Croatia, as well as from the European Union, the United States and Canada, Israel and the Jewish world. That is the minimum that we owe the victims of that notorious mass murderer.


EFRAIM ZUROFF

The writer is the chief Nazi-hunter of the Simon Wiesenthal Center and director of its Israel Office. His most recent book is, Operation Last Chance; One Man’s Quest to Bring Nazi Criminals to Justice, (Palgrave/Macmillan).

Source



„ЗА ДОМ СПРЕМНИ“ ПОНОВО У ЈАСЕНОВЦУ




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Wiesenthal Center Denounces Plaque With Ustasha Slogan in Town of Jasenovac (December 6, 2016)
"Za dom spremni" usred Jasenovca (Jurica Kerbler | Novosti, 3. decembar 2016.)
„ЗА ДОМ СПРЕМНИ“ ПОНОВО У ЈАСЕНОВЦУ (Lj. Karan, понедељак, 05 децембар 2016)
 

A Jasenovac sono di nuovo "Pronti per la patria" – "Za Dom spremni!", come recita la lapide nera apposta nel novembre 2016 dai veterani ustascia nei pressi dell'ex campo di sterminio che nel 1942-1945 era gestito dai loro ispiratori. Nessuna condanna č venuta da Bruxelles per questo nuovo gesto simbolico ignobile, dopo la "riabilitazione" di Stato del nazi-collaborazionista arcivescovo Stepinac pochi mesi prima...

Dopo  Kutina e Jasenovac, nuove lapidi proustaša anche a Zagabria e a Velika Gorica:

Nakon Kutine i Jasenovca, HOS ploče postavlja i u Zagrebu i Velikoj Gorici (Renata Rašović, 17.1.2017)

Croatia’s Government Still Hasn’t Removed a Fascist Plaque Near Jasenovac Concentration Camp (Aug. 28, 2017 by BALKANIST)
If it’s been eight months and a country’s leadership still hasn’t managed to remove a fascist plaque from the area near a WWII concentration camp, either it can’t figure out how or it doesn’t really want to... After more than eight months, if a country’s leadership still hasn’t removed a fascist plaque from a WWII concentration camp it’s probably safe to assume it doesn’t really want to.




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